Bunion Treatment in New Jersey
What is a bunion and what causes them?
A bunion, also known as hallux valgus, is a bony protrusion that forms at the base of your big toe, near the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. The MTP joint is the point in your foot where the bottom of the big toe connects with the first bone directly beneath it, the metatarsal bone. When the MTP joint bones bend out of alignment, it can cause inflammation of the MTP joint, forming a protrusion at the inside of your foot, near the base of the toe. This typically occurs over time when excess pressure or stress, mainly from tight fitting shoes, is placed on the joint forcing the bones to bend inward. Other causes of bunions may include congenital foot abnormalities or inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
While bunions typically develop around the big toe, they can also occur near the far right toe, on the outside of the foot. This is known as a bunionette, sometimes referred to as tailor’s bunion. Bunions typically affect both feet and may include symptoms of pain, tenderness, redness, inflammation, and stiffness around the affected joint. If you are seeking symptom relief or cosmetic solutions, bunion surgery and removal may be an option when conservative treatment is ineffective.
What is bunion surgery?
Bunion surgery is any surgical procedure used in bunion correction and treatment. There are various types of bunion surgeries available, each involving different surgical techniques and objectives.
When is bunion surgery needed?
Bunion surgery may be needed when treatment without surgery is ineffective. If you have tried nonsurgical treatment options, including medications, bunion splints, or other orthotic devices and footwear, and are still experiencing pain that interferes with your daily routines and activities, surgery may be an appropriate treatment option. Bunion surgery may be right for you if you experience:
- Pain that interferes with walking or other basic activities
- Chronic swelling and pain of the affected area even with treatment
- A shifting or crossover of the big toe into neighboring toes
- Stiff toe or an inability to bend or straighten the affected toe
What does bunion surgery involve?
Depending on the size, shape, and type of bunion you have, surgery and recovery time will vary. In most cases, bunion surgery typically involves realigning the toe joint and repairing damaged tissue. While there are over 44 types of surgical bunion procedures, the following are some of the most common:
- Bunionectomy — involves removal bone and realignment of bone and tissue
- Osteotomy — involves cutting and realigning the toe joint
- Exostectomy — involves bunion removal without realignment
- Arthrodesis — involves modifying the damaged joint with medical device implants
What are the benefits of bunion surgery?
If you are suffering from bunion-related pain or other symptoms, bunion surgery may help alleviate your symptoms and concerns. Benefits of bunion surgery include:
- Pain relief
- Restored mobility and joint function
- Cosmetic restoration
If your current treatment plan is ineffective in providing you with bunion relief and you would like to learn more about bunion surgery, request an appointment with us today. Our friendly and accommodating staff provides prompt and punctual service and is dedicated to providing high-end, compassionate podiatric care. At Northeastern Foot & Ankle, board-certified podiatrist Dr. Khoury takes the time to carefully listen to and understand your medical and cosmetic concerns, recommending and providing the most appropriate treatment options paired with innovative and emerging technologies to help meet your podiatric needs. Call 973.473.6665 or scroll to the top of the page to request an appointment.